Czech Antarctic Research Infrastructure (CARI)
http://www.sci.muni.cz/CARI/
Core Data
Identification
Hosting Legal Entity
Masaryk University
Location
Kotlarska 2, Brno, PO: CZ-611 37 (Czech Republic)
Structure
Type Of RI
Distributed
Coordinating Country
Czech Republic
Status
Status
Current Status:
Operational since 2006
Timeline
Operational since 2011
Scientific Description
Mission and objectives
The Czech Polar Research Infrastructure´s main purpose is to give facilities and support to the multidisciplinary research activities carried out in both Polar Regions. The main aims of the CzechPolar project are: i) to establish the Czech research station (University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice) in Norwegian Arctic Archipelago Svalbard (Spitsbergen); ii) to cover the operational and maintenance expenses of the J. G. Mendel Czech Antarctic Station on James Ross Island, Antarctica (Masaryk University in Brno); iii) to establish the Open Access Czech Polar Research Database in cooperation with CESNET. This part of the RI is devoted to the Czech Antarctic Research Infrastructure (CARI), i.e. project part solved by the Masaryk University.J. G. Mendel Station was opened for scientific use in 2007 and is fully managed and operated by the Masaryk University in Brno as a summer Antarctic research station. It serves as the technical and logistical support infrastructure to the following main subjects of Czech Antarctic research programme: investigation of biological variability and diversity; investigation of climate variability modified by physical processes in the atmo-, pedo-, hydro-, –cryo- and lithosphere, at several different scales; connect the physical/biological variability on the landscape scale to both regional and hemispheric climate circulation, with the help of mathematical models. Integrated part of CARI is the Extreme Environments Life (EEL) Laboratory located in Masaryk University Campus, Brno-Bohunice, Czech Republic. It is established to investigate responses of extremophilic polar organisms, autotrophic lichens, algae and cyanobacteria in particular. Over the last decades, the main research directions has been related to stress physiology of extremophilic autotrophs from polar regions, such as cyanobacteria, algae, lichens and mosses.

RI Keywords
Geomorphology, Sedimentology, Lichenology, Geochemistry, Palaeoclimatology, Glaciology, Palynology, Arctic, Waste management, Data visualisation, Energetics, Meteorology, Atmospheric physics, Pedology, Quaternary geology, Antarctica, GIS, Genetics, Ecological physiology, Physical geography, Polar research station, Bacteriology, Health, Microbiology, Communication technology, Big Data, Volcanology, Paleolimnology, Stress plant physiology, Ecology, Palaeontology, Bryology, Climatology, Palaeomicrobiology, Zoology, Energy, Algology
Classifications
RI Category
Polar and Cryospheric Research Infrastructures
Databases
Scientific Domain
Earth and Environmental Sciences
ESFRI Domain
Environment
Services
UV-B radiation resistance assessment

UV-B radiation resistance assessment of polar photothrophs.

Data processing and supply of meteorological outputs

Data processing and supply of meteorological outputs.

Taxonomical determination

Taxonomical determination of Antarctic microbial communities.

Data collection of solar UV radiation

Automatic monitoring systems with several radiometers.

Support to users for direct measurements and experiments on infrastructure facilities

Support to users for direct measurements and experiments on infrastructure facilities.

Advanced chlorophyll fluorescence methods

Advanced chlorophyll fluorescence methods for the stress study of Antarctic autotrophic extremophiles.

Biological activity assessment

Multi-methodological approach for biological activity assessment of Antarctic autotrophs.

Photobioreactor experiments

Photobioreactor experiments with autotrophic extremophiles.

Data collection of microclimate parameters and active layer properties

Automatic micrometeorological station with sub-surface sensors.

Meteorological data collecting

Data collection of basic meteorological parameters. Automatic weather stations in different locations and altitude.

Isolation and cultivation

Isolation and cultivation of Antarctic extremophile microorganisms.

Glaciology data collection

Mass balance and flow-velocity data of small land-terminating glaciers collection.

Full support to RI users

Accomodation including meals, 2 laboratories, technical workshop, cabotage (rubber boats), support to the field camps.

Cryoresistance assessment

Cryoresistance assessment of Antarctic lichen symbiotic algae and cyanobacteria.

Equipment
Permafrost active layer monitoring system

Permafrost active layer transect and plots with instruments for year-round measurements of surface temperature, ground heat flux, ground temperature and soil water content in shallow borehole. System includes fully equipped automatic weather stations.

Field fluorometric measurement system

Field fluorometric measurement system of photosynthetic activities of mosses and lichens.

Glacier mass balance and flow velocity monitoring system

Glacier mass balance and flow velocity monitoring system on three small land-terminating glaciers. System includes automatic weather stations equipped with air temperature, relative air humidity, wind speed and direction, and snow depth sensors.

Automatic weather stations (AWS) and meteorological sensors

Instruments and sensors for year-round measurements of atmospheric pressure, air temperature, relative air humidity, wind speed and direction, and snow depth.

Zodiac rubber boats

Zodiac rubber boats for cabotage (logistic supportto the RI´s users).

Open-Top Chamber (OTC) system

Open-Top Chambers systems for assessing the impact of global warming on Antarctic non-vascular plants installed on three ecologically different types of sites.

Differential GPS

Differential GPS measurements as the support for precise field position measurements.

Solar radiation monitoring systems

Instruments and sensors for year-round measurements of the shortwave incoming and outgoing radiation, global UV radiation, UV-A and UV-B radiation, erythemally effective UV radiation.

Binocular stereo microscope

Binocular stereo microscope for low magnification observation using incident light illumination for sample preparation and fixation located in the J. G. Mendel Station´s laboratory.

Additional Data
Collaborations
Networks
Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs (COMNAP)