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INFN - National Laboratories of Southern Italy (INFN-LNS)
Identification
Hosting Legal Entity
Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics
Location
via Santa Sofia 62, INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania, PO: 95125, Sicily (Italy)
Structure
Type Of RI
Single-sited
Coordinating Country
Italy
Status
Status
Current Status:
Operational since 1976
Scientific Description
The Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (LNS) is one of the four national laboratories of INFN. Founded in 1976, it currently employs about 150 people (researchers, technicians, PhD and diploma students) and represents an advanced development centre for technology and instrumentation. At LNS two particle accelerators are available: a 15MV Tandem Van De Graaff that was used for the first experiments in the early 1980s, and a K800 Superconducting Cyclotron in full operation since 1996. The scientific mission of the LNS is mainly the study of nuclear collisions at intermediate and low energy, in collaboration with researchers coming from several countries. At the LNS two particle accelerators, a Superconducting Cyclotron and a Tandem, provide ion beams from Hydrogen to Lead with energies up to tens of MeV per nucleon. It is also possible to produce radioactive ion beams applying the in-flight fragmentation method. Nuclear matter properties are studied by using big detector apparata (CHIMERA, MAGNEX, MEDEA) and dedicated apparata that can be installed in one of the available experimental halls. Theoretical Physics studies are also carried out in the same research fields.For Particle Astrophysics a large undersea research infrastructure (KM3NeT) is currently under construction for the detection of neutrinos. It is located in a branch of the LNS located in Portopalo di Capo Passero, and is used also for interdisciplinary research (Geophysics, Volcanology, Marine Biology). At the LNS an irradiation hall for proton-therapy (CATANA), a laboratory for Cultural Heritage (LANDIS), a laboratory for measurements of environment radioactivity and other laboratories for interdisciplinary activities (photonics, biology, chemistry) are fully operating. LNS has a Program Advisory Committee which meets at least once a year. The PAC is composed of two nationals and five foreign members.

RI Keywords
Biology and dosimetry research facility, Nuclear physics, Proton-therapy, Nuclear and particle astrophysics, Accelerators
Classifications
RI Category
Nuclear Research Facilities
Astro-particle and neutrino detectors and observatories
Scientific Domain
Biological and Medical Sciences
Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics and Mathematics
Information Science and Technology
ESFRI Domain
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Services
User support

Technical and scientific support for the user during the experiments – guest house available during the experiment.

Training

Scientific programme of training for early stage researchers.

Equipment
Accelerators

- Tandem Van De Graff - Superconducting Cyclotron.

Facilities

- EXCYT: a radioactive beam facility (ISOL-type) - FRIBs: a radioactive beam facility (in flight-type) - CATANA: a beam line for proton-therapy - CHIMERA: a 4p charged particle detector - MEDEA + MULTICS: a BaF2 crystall ball - MAGNEX: a large solid angle and large momentum acceptance magnetic Spectrometer- CICLOPE: a cylindrical (4 m diameter, 6 m long) scattering chamber - CT 2000: a 2m diameter multipurpose scattering chamber.

Collaborations
Networks
European Nuclear Science and Applications Research (ENSAR)
Date of last update: 24/03/2017
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