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Diamond Light Source Ltd (Diamond)
Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, PO: OX11 0QX, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)
Type Of RI
Coordinating Country
United Kingdom
Current Status:
Operational since 2007
Under construction since 2013 to 2020
Operational since 2007
Scientific Description
Diamond Light Source is the UK’s national synchrotron facility, located at the Harwell Science Campus in Oxfordshire. By accelerating electrons to near light-speed, Diamond generates brilliant beams of light from infra-red to X-rays which are used for academic and industry research. Diamond is a not-for-profit limited company funded as a joint venture by the UK Government through the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) - 86% funding - in partnership with the Wellcome Trust (14% funding). Diamond is free at point of access through a competitive application process (peer review), provided the results are published in the public domain. Diamond also has proprietary (fee paying) access for those who wish to guarantee access or/and keep their results confidential. Over 5000 researchers per annum use Diamond’s beamlines to conduct experiments in a wide range of disciplines including structural biology, health and medicine, solid-state physics, materials and magnetism, nanoscience, electronics, earth and environmental sciences, chemistry, cultural heritage, energy and engineering.Diamond began initial operations with 7 beamlines (experimental stations) in 2007, with the 32nd becoming operational during 2018. I 33rd beamline (DIAD) is due to become operational in 2020.

RI Keywords
IR CD microscopy, Wellcome Trust, Synchrotron, X-ray, Light, Imaging, Absorption, Accelerators, Spectroscopy, STFC, Fluorescence, Tomography, Diffraction
RI Category
Intense Light Sources
Scientific Domain
Engineering and Energy
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics and Mathematics
Biological and Medical Sciences
Chemistry and Material Sciences
ESFRI Domain
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Research Services

Various analytical techniques being used on various synchrotron beamlines using X-ray, IR and UV light. Support laboratories for sample preparation and additional analyses. User support.

Beamlines (Experimental Stations)

I02 - Macromolecular Crystallography Macromolecular Crystallography, MAD 5 - 25 keV I03 - Macromolecular Crystallography Macromolecular Crystallography, MAD 5 - 25 keV I04 - Macromolecular Crystallography Macromolecular Crystallography, MAD 5 - 25 keV I04-1 - Monochromatic MX Macromolecular Crystallography 13.53 keV (0.9163 Å - fixed wavelength) I05 - ARPES Angle-Resolved PhotoEmission Spectroscopy (ARPES) 18 - 240 eV I06 - Nanoscience X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoemission microscopy and X-Ray Magnetic Circular and Linear Dichroism First harmonic circular: 106 - 1300 eV Linear Horizontal: 80 - 2100 eV Linear Vertical: 130 - 1500 eV I07 - Surface and Interface Diffraction Surface X-ray diffraction, Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction (GIXD), Graxing Incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering (GISAXS), X-ray Reflectivity (XRR) 6 - 25 (30) keV B07 - VERSOX: Versatile Soft X-ray Beamline Spectroscopic and scanned-probe imaging 50 - 2000 eV I08 - Soft X-ray Microscopy X-ray scanning microscopy 250 eV - 4 keV I09 - Surface and Interface Structural Analysis Photoelectron Spectroscopy, X-ray Standing Waves, X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Diffraction, X-ray Reflectivity Hard X-rays: 2.1 keV - 20 keV+Soft X-rays: 150 eV - 2.1 keV I10 - Beamline for Advanced Dichroism Experiments (BLADE) soft x-ray resonant scattering, x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular and linear dichroism 400 - 2000 eV I11 - High resolution powder diffraction X-ray powder diffraction 5-30 keV (0.4-2.5 Å) I12 - JEEP: Joint Engineering, Environmental and Processing Imaging and tomography, X-ray diffraction, Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS), Single Crystal Diffraction, Powder diffraction 50 - 150 keV.


I13L - X-Ray Imaging and Coherence Phase contrast imaging, Tomography Imaging branch: 8 - 35 keVCoherence: 6 - 20 keV I14 - A Hard X-ray Nanoprobe for Complex Systems Scanning X-ray Fluorescence, X-ray spectroscopy and diffraction, small and wide angle X-ray scanning 3.5 - 30 keV I15 - Extreme Conditions Powder diffraction, single crystal diffraction 20 - 70 keV mono mode. Beam size conditions apply for high energies > 30 KeV. 20 - 50 µm pinholes available. I15-1 X-ray Pair Distribution I16 - Materials and Magnetism Diffraction/Scattering, Spectroscopy 3.5 - 25 keV B16 - Test Beamline Diffraction, imaging, reflectometry 4 - 20 keV monochromatic focused 4 - 20 keV monochromatic unfocused White beam I18 - Microfocus Spectroscopy X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS), Fluorescence tomography 2 - 20 keV B18 - Core EXAFS XAS 2.05 - 35 keV Operational I19 - Small molecule single crystal diffraction Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction 5 to 25 keV / 0.5 to 2.5 Å.


I20 - LOLA: X-ray spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS), Energy Dispersive EXAFS (EDE), X-ray Emission Spectroscopy Dispersive branch: 6-26 keV Scanning branch: 4-34 keV B21 - High throughput SAXS Small Angle X-ray Scattering & Diffraction 6 - 23 keV I21 - Inelastic X-ray Scattering (IXS) Inelastic X-ray Scattering I22 - Non-crystalline diffraction Non-Crystalline diffraction: SAXS, WAXS, ASAXS, USAXS 3.7 - 20 keV B22 - MIRIAM: Multimode InfraRed Imaging And Microspectroscopy Infrared Microspectroscopy 1.2 eV - 0.6 meV I23 - Long Wavelength MX Long wavelength MX 1 - 4 Å but optimised for 1.5 and 3.1 Å B23 - Circular dichroism Circular Dichroism Operational Module B: 165-650nm wavelength range ; Module A: 125-500nm wavelength range B24 - Cryo-TXM Full field X-ray imaging Up to 2.5keV I24 - Microfocus MX Macromolecular Crystallography, MAD 6.5 - 25.0 keV Versatile Macromolecular Crystallography (VMX) - in-situ and microfocus studies.

Coordinated Access to Lightsources to Promote Standards and Optimization (CALIPSO)
Date of last update: 29/07/2019
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