Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics
High Energy Physics Facilities
Research Data Service Facilities
Nuclear Research Facilities
In situ Earth Observatories
Astro-particle and neutrino detectors and observatories
Cell Culture Facilities
Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics and Mathematics
Direct detection of DM aiming to observe the scattering of DM particles off target nuclei can only be performed in underground laboratories. LNGS provide general and specialized services to large and complex experiments hunting for dark matter candidates through their direct detection, each based on a different technology: DAMA/LIBRA, XENON, CRESST, DARK SIDE-50.
LNGS hosts and provide general services to the experiment GIGS: The experiment consists of a laser interferometer operating inside the LNGS area since 1994 and measuring permanent and transient strain episodes and monitoring the micro seismic movements of the Gran Sasso fault.
LNGS provide general and specialized services to the LUNA experiment aimed to the measurement of thermonuclear fusion cross sections relevant for stellar nucleosynthesis. LNGS is the only underground laboratory in the world hosting such a relevant scientific program. A new project LUNA MV has been recently funded by the Research ministry.
LNGS hosts and provide general services to the experiment PULEX. The experiment aims at understanding if environmental radiation has a permanent influence on the biochemistry of living matter.
LNGS provide general and specialized services to large and complex experiments in the field of the neutrino physics. The present scientific program includes: Solar Neutrinos, Geo-antineutrinos, Neutrino Oscillations, Long Base Line Neutrino Beams, Atmospheric Neutrinos, Supernovae Neutrinos, Neutrino less Double Beta Decay;various neutrino sources, both natural (the Sun, stars and the Earth) and artiﬁcial (particle accelerators) are used. The experiments are: BOREXINO, OPERA, ICARUS, LVD, GERDA, CUORE, LUCIFER, COBRA.
LNGS provide general and specialized services to the ERMES experiment. ERMES studies cosmogenic and primordial radionuclides in solid and fluid matrix inside LNGS by means of HPGe gamma spectrometry, liquid scintillation and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. A new project ERMES WORLD has been recently funded by the Research ministry.
The Gran Sasso underground Laboratory (Volume: 180000 m3 , Surface: 18000 m2) hosts large and complex detectors used in the fields: Dark matter searches, Neutrino physics, Nuclear Astrophysics and Associate Sciences including Environmental Radioactivity for Earth Sciences, Geophysics, Fundamental Physics, Biology. Many different detectors are used: Liquid and plastic scintillators, Noble liquid TPC, Nuclear Emulsions, ultra high-purity germanium detectors, TeO2 Bolometer detectors, scintillating bolometers, extremely radio-pure NaI(Tl) scintillators.Moreover the Laboratory hosts a ultra-low-counting facility and clean rooms.The Laboratory is equipped with all technical and safety plants required in order to run large and complex experiments and to ensure proper working conditions.The Gran sasso external laboratories host: the compunting center, the mechanical, electronic and chemical workshops, ICPMS, clean rooms, library, guest houses, canteen.