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Terrestrial Environmental Observatories (TERENO)
Hosting Legal Entity
Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH
Wilhelm-Johnen-Straße, Helmholtz Nano Facility, Jülich, PO: 52428, Nordrhein-Westfalen (Germany)
Jülich, PO: 52425 (Germany)
Type Of RI
Coordinating Country
Current Status:
Operational since 2008
Scientific Description
Terrestrial Environment Observatories (TERENO) is a network of long-term integrated observation platforms, jointly coordinated and operated by six Helmholtz Centers, in close cooperation with external partner institutions (overall coordination office at FZJ). This network aims at investigating consequences of Global Change on terrestrial ecosystems. Within TERENO, regional “terrestrial observatories” have been established in four regions, selected to provide a representative cross-section of bio-geo-climatic zones. TERENO provides real-time access to instruments and open access to long-term environmental data in a multi-scale and multi-temporal mode, based on the data portal TEODOOR ( The multi-temporal observation approach refers to a hierarchy of time scales, ranging from event-based, to continuous, to periodic measurements, using ground-based geophysical, meteorological and remote sensing techniques. Analyses of precisely dated and seasonally resolved geoarchives like lake sediments and tree rings as natural data loggers will extend instrumental data records back to several millennia. Biodiversity studies are conducted within the framework of LTER sites that are integrated in TERENO. Permanent structures are augmented by dedicated airborne platforms and satellite-based remote sensing. TERENO complements and collaborates with other environmental measurement networks in Germany and globally, such as FLUXNET, LTER and ICOS, and will contribute to global Earth-System Science observation systems such as GEO/GEOSS.

RI Keywords
Ecological change, Environmental change, Integrated observation platforms, Long-term
RI Category
In situ Earth Observatories
Scientific Domain
Earth and Environmental Sciences
ESFRI Domain
Research observatories; access to TERENO sites and data
Terrestrial Environmental Observatories

Measuring systems for the determination of regional precipitation fields at temporal and spatial scales (e.g. using additional weather radars or densification of precipitation gauging networks). Micrometeorological eddy-covariance systems and scintillometer for the determination of atmospheric parameter and fluxes of water vapour, energy and trace gases at different scales. Sensor networks for determination of environmental parameter at a high spatial and temporal resolution (e.g. patterns of soil temperature and moisture dynamics) - Monitoring systems for the quantification of water and solute discharge in surface waters and groundwater. The remote sensing part of TERENO includes: Operation and development of ground-based and airborne measurement platforms (e.g. towers, ultra-light aircrafts) Acquisition of geophysical and spectral sensors (e.g. hyperspectral systems and infrared cameras, microwave radiometer, SAR, LIDAR, air-chemistry instruments).

Date of last update: 21/03/2017
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