Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics
The Detector Development Group (DDG LAB Frascati INFN), has long been involved (since 1985) in the R&D, design and manufacturing of classical gaseous detectors, such as wire tubes operated in proportional or streamer mode (1985-1990), RPC with glass electrodes (1991-1994), large drift chamber (1995-1997) and Micro-Pattern-Gaseous-Detector (MPGDs –since 2000) for large high energy physics experiments.
‘Nanoscience EXperiments for Technologies’ is the nanoscience laboratory at LNF. Since 2000, with their works, researchers at the NEXT Group have gained a strong and recognized expertise in the synthesis and engineering of nanostructured carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes, graphene nanoplatelets and realization of “twisted sheets of nanotubes” called buckypapers.
It is a laboratory dedicated to characterization, design and modeling of the space segment of Satellite Laser Ranging, i. e. the accurate measurement, obtained by laser pulses, of the position of bodies equipped with special laser retroreflectors: artificial satellites, the Moon and, in the near future, even other planets, other moons, asteroids and comets. The SCF_Lab is a laboratory renowned for its scientific and technological capabilities and it collaborates with NASA, ASI (the Italian space agency), ESA (the European space agency) and ISRO (the Indian space agency) in research projects regarding the solar system.
The Frascati XLab (XlabF) offers the possibility of conducting experiments with analytical techniques based on the use of X-rays, such as Tomography, Diffractometry and Fluorescence. Given the versatility of the techniques used, the interdisciplinary areas that are involved include cultural heritage, biology, geology and industry, for example the automotive industry.
LEMRAP (Laboratory for Environmental and Medical RAdiation Physics) is active in the design, simulation, functionalization and testing of detectors for ionizing radiation in the nuclear, environmental, medical, industrial and research fields. It operates through projects funded by INFN or technology transfer actions.
In the LAMPS laboratory, research is being conducted on superconductors, magnetic materials and related systems using magnetic and electric transport tools with cryogenic equipments able to study the dynamic behaviour of these materials under conditions of extreme temperature and magnetic field in order to understand fundamental properties such as electrical conductivity and magnetic susceptibility.
The SPARC_LAB laboratory was born as the integration of one last generation accelerator (SPARC) and one very powerful laser (FLAME). It hosts a Free Electron Laser (FEL) which observed a radiation coherent between 500 nm (Green) and 40 nm (UV). This radiation is produced injecting SPARC’s electron beam into a series of magnets with alternate polarity. The SPARC FEL emits ultrashort pulses (lasting 0.1-1 pico-seconds). This class of devices allows therefore the study of extremely rapid chemical reactions, relevant to biomedic research.
“To make the invisible visible” This is the synchrotron light laboratory of the National Laboratory of Frascati. Synchrotron light is the radiation emitted by accelerated charged particles – in the case of DAΦNE, electrons – that travel at relativistic speeds. The radiation produced has high luminosity and wavelengths which extend, in a continuous manner, from infrared to X-rays, making it an ideal probe for studying physical systems with dimensions ranging from those of the atom to those of biological systems such as cells and tissues.
Particle beams of various kinds – electrons, positrons, photons and neutrons – arrive at the BTF (Beam Test Facility) laboratory, directly derived from the electron beam of the DAΦNE Linac. The laboratory has the peculiarity of providing various types of beams: each has a variable number of constituent particles and energy, within the limits allowed by the properties of the primary beam of the Linac.
DAΦNE is the collider currently in operation in Frascati. The accelerator consists of 2 rings approx. 100 m in length, in which high-intensity electron and positron beams circulate and intersect in two possible interaction points, one of which is currently in use and holds the experiment’s detector KLOE-2. The total energy of the beams in the reference system of the centre of the mass is equal to 1.02 GeV, corresponding to the mass of Φ mesons which are produced at the rate of 300 per second. The first particle beams started circulating in DAΦNE in 1997.